Smiling baby Happy baby and mother Fingerpainting Happy baby & mother Girl eating yogurt Girls smiling

Welcome to Pediatrix Patients are the focus of our attention. Call Pediatrix today at
(602) 866-0550. Contact Us

Category: Baby Care

Breastfeeding with Inverted or Flat Nipples

Not being able to breastfeed with inverted or flat nipples is an old wives’ tale that is completely inaccurate. It’s always possible to breastfeed, no matter what kind of nipples you have. Inverted or flat nipples may make latching more difficult, so here’s what you need to know.

Nipple Types

There are three main types of nipples, and all are completely normal. Protruding means the nipple does not stick out from the areola unless cold or aroused. Flat means the nipple lays flat either all the time or only occasionally protrudes when cold or aroused. Inverted means the nipple is pulled into the breast tissue and either never sticks out, rarely sticks out, or sinks in deeper when cold or aroused.

Tips and Tricks

Nipple Shields

Nipple shields are products that are used during breast feedings. They have a small opening at the tip of the nipple that allows milk to flow from your breast, through the shield, and to the baby. Babies may have an easier time latching on to the shield than your nipple.

Breast Shells

Breast shells are products you wear in-between feedings, not during. A round bottom ring is placed over your areola, allowing your nipple to stick through a hole in the center. This puts pressure at the base of your nipple, helping your nipple stick out when it’s time to feed.

Breast Pump

Pumping before you feed your baby may help protrude your nipple due to the suction of the pump.

Nipple Everter

Nipple everters look similar to turkey-basters. They help suction your nipple out right before feeding.


Many moms find that breastfeeding their baby using the C-hold helps protrude the nipple. This method involves squeezing your breast as you feed.

Is your baby not latching properly? Have your baby’s latch evaluated by a pediatrician at Pediatrix.

Posted in Baby Care, Blog on June 11th, 2018

Sunscreen for Babies?

Should you be putting sunscreen on your baby this summer? The answer depends on the age.

Younger than 6 months

Babies younger than 6 months should NOT wear sun screen. Instead, parents should employ other methods of sun protection such as:

  • Keeping them out of direct sunlight
  • Protective clothing
  • Hats with brims
  • Sunglasses

Older than 6 Months

If your baby is 6 months or older, they should wear sunscreen and lots of it! When putting sunscreen on babies, make sure to:

  • Pick an SPF of at least 15
  • Reapply every 2 hours (more if they’re in the water)
  • Use sunscreen that contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide as to avoid skin and eye irritation

Sunscreen Guidelines

Broad Spectrum

To help narrow down your choices, pediatrics doctors recommend that you always select a broad-spectrum sunscreen. These types will help to provide the best overall protection against both types of harmful ultraviolet rays, which include UVA and UVB.

Sunburn Protection Factor (SPF)

The SPF tells you the amount of protection provided against UVB rays specifically, which are the rays that cause burning. For example, a bottle with SPF 15 tells us that a person can be exposed to the sun 15 times longer than someone that hasn’t applied this sunscreen before they start to burn. Choose an SPF with a minimum of 30 for kids.

UVA Protection

While there is no rating used for UVA rays, which are the rays that cause aging of the skin, there are products that can offer protection from these harmful rays. Choose sunscreens that contain avobenzone and ecamsule.

Water Resistant/Water Proof

To ensure that sunscreen stays on and protects your child while they play outdoors, especially while swimming, it is important that you select a water resistant or water proof sunscreen. Water resistant sunscreens maintain their protection levels for approximately 40 minutes upon immersion in water. After this time, it is necessary to reapply. Water proof sunscreens last a little longer, with a time of about 80 minutes.

A portion of this blog was originally posted on June 6, 2014.

Posted in Baby Care, Blog, Safety on May 21st, 2018

Breastfeeding Myths VS Facts

“Don’t eat spicy food!” your grandmother may have screamed at you as you prepared to feed your newborn. Those who are older always seem wiser, so you may have asked yourself: “Will spicy food…make my milk spicy?” When you’ve just had a baby, you don’t have the time and energy to peruse through books and figure out what’s a myth and what’s a fact. There are a lot of myths out there about breastfeeding. This will help you dispel them.
Myth: The Baby Should Just Suck on the Bud
Fact: The reason women sometimes find breastfeeding painful is because they’re just putting the
bud of their nipple in the baby’s mouth. When breastfeeding, you need to put most of your areola
in as well.
Myth: Breastfeeding While Sick Passes Down Germs
Fact: As long as it’s nothing serious, being sick won’t affect breastfeeding.
Myth: Bigger is Always Better
Fact: The size of your breast tissue does not correlate with the amount of milk. Bigger breasts
don’t have more milk.
Myth: Plastic Breasts Can’t Feed
Fact: Silicone implants are inserted near the underarm, under the breast tissue, or under the chest
muscle. It shouldn’t affect breastfeeding unless your nipple was augmented. In that case, the
milk let down may be impaired.
Myth: Once You Breastfeed, You Can’t Bottle Feed
Fact: Babies may have a difficult time switching back and forth at the beginning, but there isn’t
anything harmful about using both methods.
Myth: Breastfeeding Causes Sagging
Fact: Pregnancy is what changes the appearance of breasts. The weight your breasts gain while
you’re pregnant adds stress on the ligaments.
Myth: Formula and Breastfeeding are Exactly the Same
Fact: Nope. Breast milk has 30 beneficial ingredients while breast milk has 300, including anti-bodies, anti-
Myth: Every Mother Can Easily Breast Feed
Fact: Breastfeeding can be incredibly difficult for women whose babies have a difficult time
latching onto the nipple. Using formula doesn’t make them bad moms.
Myth: Breastfeeding is a Guaranteed Birth Control
Fact: Breastfeeding is 98% effective as birth control. That’s only true if the baby isn’t drinking anything
but your milk, is 6 months old or younger, and you haven’t gotten your period.
Myth: You Can’t Breastfeed with Inverted Nipples
Fact: You can, the baby just might have a harder time latching on.
Question: Can I Eat Spicy Food and Breastfeed?
Answer: Yes. Go wild. Have a hot wing on us.
Motherhood should be beautiful, not frustrating. If you’re having difficulty breastfeeding, you’re
not alone. Request an appointment with Pediatrix and we’ll guide you through the process.

Posted in Baby Care, Blog on March 25th, 2018

Why is My Baby Spitting Up?

Your friend invites you out and you politely decline, explaining that your newborn is spitting up.
“Throwing up? Is she sick?”
“No, spitting up.”
You may be able to see the difference, but understanding why it’s happening can help you
prevent it.
What’s the Difference?
When a baby vomits, their abdominal muscles and diaphragm have contracted while their
stomach is relaxed. When a baby spits up, known as reflux, it’s because they’ve swallowed air
while feeding. The air comes back up, as well as the milk. Babies also tend to eat until their
overfilled, which is why milk sometimes comes back up.
The obvious difference would be the appearance of whatever’s coming up. Vomiting comes in
greater and forceful quantities. Spitting up, on the other hand, doesn’t faze babies at all. Spitting
up is also more common in half of babies under 12 months.
How to Prevent Spit Up
Spit up is common. It’s your baby’s way of getting used to bottle or breastfeeding. There are
some ways to prevent it, though.
• Hold your baby up right during feeding.
• Try not to put off feeding until the last minute. The hungrier a baby is while feeding, the
more air they’ll frantically take in, leading to spit up.
• Burp your baby after and even during feedings. Some babies naturally pause while
feeding. Use that as an opportunity to try and burp your baby. Getting some of it out now
means less spit up later.
• Don’t overfeed your baby.
• Avoid tight clothes around the stomach of your baby.
• If your baby spits up at night, try elevating their head.
If You Bottle Feed…
Try changing the nipple. Bottle nipples correspond to ages. A big hole leads to too much intake,
while a small hole causes the baby to suck harder and take more air in. Another recommendation
is to try different formulas.
If You Breast Feed…
Try a new diet. Mothers have found cutting back on dairy reduces spit up.
If you believe your baby is spitting or throwing up abnormally, see a doctor. You can
request an appointment at Pediatrix.

Posted in Baby Care, Blog on March 16th, 2018