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Category: Safety


Party Drugs Parents Should Know About: Part 2

Read part 1 of our article.

Psilocybin/Mushrooms

(Magic Mushrooms, Shrooms, Shroomies)

Psilocybin comes in the form of dried mushrooms or as powder.

How it’s Taken:

  • Orally (capsule or mixed with liquid)
  • Snorted
  • Smoked
  • Injected

Effects:

  • Sensory hallucinations
  • Intense feelings
  • Personal and spiritual insights
  • Nausea

Effects last 5-6 hours.

LSD

(Acid, Blotter, Cid, Microdot, Windowpane)

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is a white, odorless, crystalline powder made in illegal laboratories. The pure drug is almost invisible. It comes packaged in tablets, capsules, gelatin sheets or pieces of blotting paper, often with cartoon drawings on them.

How it’s Taken:

  • Orally
  • Inhaled
  • Injected

Effects:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Lowered body temperature
  • Nausea
  • Goose bumps
  • Profuse perspiration
  • Increased blood sugar
  • Rapid heart rate.
  • Hallucinations
  • Intense emotions
  • Visual changes
  • Extreme mood changes
  • Impaired depth and time perception
  • Distorted perception of the size and shape of objects, movements, color, sound, touch, and the user’s own body image.

Flashbacks or recurrences of parts of a “trip” can occur days or months after taking the last dose

PCP

Angel Dust, Supergrass, Killer Weed, Embalming Fluid, Rocket Fuel

PCP comes in the form of a white or colored crystal or powder or tablet. It is usually mixed with tobacco or marijuana and smoked.

How it’s taken:

  • Orally
  • Snorted
  • Injected
  • Inhaled
  • Smoked

Effects:

  • Numbness
  • Slurred speech
  • Loss of coordination
  • Blank stare
  • Rapid and involuntary eye movements
  • Exaggerated walk
  • Feelings of detachment and distance
  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Distorted visual images
  • Severe mood disorders
  • Acute anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Violent hostility
  • Schizophrenia
  • Amnesia

The U.S. DEA considers PCP one of the most dangerous drugs of abuse.

Salvia Divinorum

Magic Mint, SallyD, Salvia

This is a form of sage from the mint family.

How it’s Taken:

  • Orally (chewed or mixed with liquid)
  • Smoked

Effects:

  • Hallucinations
  • Out-of-body experiences
  • Loss of consciousness and memory
  • Lack of physical coordination

Despite being restricted from being sold in stores, it is available for purchase online or in drug paraphernalia or “head shops.”

Concerned about your child? Request an appointment with Pediatrix.

Posted in Safety on July 9th, 2018

Party Drugs Parents Should Know About: Part 1

Party drugs are recreational drugs normally found at dance clubs or house parties. Hard drugs such as cocaine and meth are seen as more dangerous than these types of drugs, but party drugs are not harmless. They can even be deadly.

It’s vital for parents to be informed about these kinds of drugs because:

  1. They’re attractive to young people who party
  2. They can be discreetly spiked in the commotion of a party or club

Ecstasy

(E, XTX, RAdam, Euphoria, X, MDMA, Molly, Love Doves)

Ecstasy is often found in environments where alcohol is not permitted and is popular with young adults and teens.

How it’s taken:

  • Orally
  • Snorted

Effects:

  • feelings of pleasure
  • closeness to others
  • energy
  • confidence
  • increased blood pressure
  • increased heart rate
  • sweating
  • nausea
  • jaw pain
  • blurred vision
  • vomiting
  • overheating
  • possible dehydration
  • hallucinations
  • paranoia
  • panic
  • anxiety
  • depression

In 2011, ecstasy was the cause of 22,500 emergency department visits.

Rohypnol

(Rophies, Ruffies, Roofies)

Rohypnol belongs to the same family of sedative drugs that includes Valium.

How it’s taken:

  • Orally
  • Snorted
  • Dissolved in drink

Effects:

  • Lack of memory
  • Impaired judgement
  • Dizziness
  • Blackouts
  • Sedation
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Anxiety reduction
  • Feelings of intoxication
  • Slurred speech

Sedation can last up to 8 hours.

Ketamine

(Special K, Baby Food)

Ketamine is normally found in clubs and raves and is often reported in sexual assault cases.

How it’s taken:

  • Snorted
  • Drank with alcohol
  • Smoked with marijuana

Effects:

  • Temporary amnesia
  • Hallucinations
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness
  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Feeling withdrawn
  • Confusion
  • Disassociation

It produces dependency and greater tolerance in some users who take the drug repeatedly.

GHB

(Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X)

Similar to ketamine, GHB (gamma hydroxy butyrate) is found in clubs and raves and has been reported in sexual assault cases.

How it’s taken:

  • Orally by liquid

Effects:

  • Sociable feelings
  • Less inhibited
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Amnesia
  • Vertigo
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Depressed breathing
  • Coma

3 people die because of GHB overdose every year.

Be sure to read part 2 of our article, coming soon.

Concerned about your child? Request an appointment with Pediatrix.

Posted in Blog, Safety on July 2nd, 2018

Sunscreen for Babies?

Should you be putting sunscreen on your baby this summer? The answer depends on the age.

Younger than 6 months

Babies younger than 6 months should NOT wear sun screen. Instead, parents should employ other methods of sun protection such as:

  • Keeping them out of direct sunlight
  • Protective clothing
  • Hats with brims
  • Sunglasses

Older than 6 Months

If your baby is 6 months or older, they should wear sunscreen and lots of it! When putting sunscreen on babies, make sure to:

  • Pick an SPF of at least 15
  • Reapply every 2 hours (more if they’re in the water)
  • Use sunscreen that contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide as to avoid skin and eye irritation

Sunscreen Guidelines

Broad Spectrum

To help narrow down your choices, pediatrics doctors recommend that you always select a broad-spectrum sunscreen. These types will help to provide the best overall protection against both types of harmful ultraviolet rays, which include UVA and UVB.

Sunburn Protection Factor (SPF)

The SPF tells you the amount of protection provided against UVB rays specifically, which are the rays that cause burning. For example, a bottle with SPF 15 tells us that a person can be exposed to the sun 15 times longer than someone that hasn’t applied this sunscreen before they start to burn. Choose an SPF with a minimum of 30 for kids.

UVA Protection

While there is no rating used for UVA rays, which are the rays that cause aging of the skin, there are products that can offer protection from these harmful rays. Choose sunscreens that contain avobenzone and ecamsule.

Water Resistant/Water Proof

To ensure that sunscreen stays on and protects your child while they play outdoors, especially while swimming, it is important that you select a water resistant or water proof sunscreen. Water resistant sunscreens maintain their protection levels for approximately 40 minutes upon immersion in water. After this time, it is necessary to reapply. Water proof sunscreens last a little longer, with a time of about 80 minutes.

A portion of this blog was originally posted on June 6, 2014.

Posted in Baby Care, Blog, Safety on May 21st, 2018

Swimming and Water Safety 2018

School’s out and the summer’s here. Like every year, Pediatrix wants to provide parents and guardians with helpful tips to keep their children safe in the pool.

Quick Facts

  • In the U.S., drowning is the leading cause of unintentional death in children ages 1-4.
  • A child can drown in the time it takes to answer a phone.
  • Of all preschoolers who drown, 70% are in the care of one or both parents at the time of the drowning and 75% are missing from sight for five minutes or less.

Tips

  1. Establish Rules. Make sure everyone knows the rules before entering the pool area and continually enforce them. Small children don’t always think before they act, so state the obvious before it becomes an issue.
  2. No Swimming Unattended. Install locks on doors and sliding doors high enough to prevent children from heading out to the pool alone. Always shut and lock pool gates and patio doors at apartment complexes and hotels, and at home when pool time is over.
  3. Life Guard Duty. Always have at least one adult assigned to watch those in the pool. Don’t assume someone is watching. If there is drinking at a pool party with children, have some designated drivers on lifeguard duty, because alcohol decreases awareness and slows response time.
  4. Swimming Abilities. Use the appropriate flotation devices and supervision with children who are still learning to swim. Also, don’t overestimate the abilities of adults who will be supervising children. They will need to be able to rescue a child in case of an emergency.
  5. Use Steps. No diving or running. This prevents injuries like falling on the pool deck, as well as reducing the risk of drowning.
  6. Maintain Safety Equipment. This includes pool drains, covers, ladders, fencing, barriers, locks, first aid kits, and rescue equipment. ​​​​
  7. Pick Up Toys. Put away pool toys so children don’t go in after them later.
  8. Head Count. Always know where every child is. If a child is missing, time is of the essence. Always check the pool first, even if you thought he or she was playing somewhere else.
  9. CPR and First Aid. Get yourself certified, and post CPR information by the pool as a reminder in case of emergency.
  10. Visit the Drowning Prevention Coalition of Arizona for more tips and resources, including city codes regarding pool safety.

Note: this article was originally posted on April 30th, 2017

Posted in Blog, Safety on May 14th, 2018